Pieter Brueghel the Younger was born in 1564 in Antwerp, son of the famous Pieter Bruegel the Elder and the brother of Jan Brueghel the Elder. Pieter Brueghel the Younger painted landscapes, religious subjects, proverbs and village scenes. His genre paintings of peasants emphasize the picturesque, and are regarded by some as lacking Pieter the Elder's subtlety and humanism. He and his workshop were prolific copyists of Pieter Bruegel the Elder's most famous compositions. His name and work were largely forgotten in the 18th and 19th centuries until he was rediscovered in the first half of the 20th century. As the son of a Master, Pieter was accepted into the St Luke’s Guild in Antwerp as a Free Master. Of the nine pupils produced by his workshop, the animal painter Frans Snyders and Gonzales Coques, the genre painter, are worthy of note. Throughout his life Pieter II lived in financially straitened circumstances. He possessed neither his own house nor did he undertake the obligatory educational journey to Italy. He seems never to have left Antwerp. He died there in 1637, at the advanced age of seventy-three.

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